Full Professor (starting Sept. 2017)
- Ph.D., M.A., University of California, Santa Barbara
- B.A., University of California, Berkeley
- Director, Ethics + Emerging Sciences Group at Cal Poly
- Affiliate Scholar, Stanford Law School, Center for Internet and Society
- Visiting Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics (CAPPE), Australia
- Visiting Associate Professor, Stanford University, School of Engineering (2013-2014)
- Executive Director, International Association of Computing and Philosophy (2011-2012)
- Ethics Fellow, US Naval Academy, VADM Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership (2009-2010)
- Post-Doctoral Associate, Dartmouth College (2006-2009)
- Member, World Economic Forum, Global Future Council on AI and Robotics
- Standing Committee Member, 100 Year Study on Artificial Intelligence
- Member, United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) expert group on autonomous weapons
- Research Director, Consortium for Emerging Technologies, Military Operations, and National Security (CETMONS)
- Member, Emerging Technologies of National Security and Intelligence (ETNSI) initiative, University of Notre Dame, Reilly Center
- Applied and theoretical ethics
- Social and political philosophy
- Other areas, especially as they relate to science and technology
Access to full text: Cal Poly's Digital Commons and Ethics + Emerging Science Group website.
- "Ethics of Hacking Back: 6 Arguments from Armed Conflict to Zombies", funded by the US National Science Foundation (Sept 2016)
- “Why Ethics Matters For Autonomous Cars”, Autonomous Driving (Springer, 2015).
- “Super Soldiers,” (parts 1 and 2), Global Issues and Ethical Concerns in Human Enhancement Technologies, co-authored with Keith Abney and Maxwell Mehlman (IGI Global, 2014).
- “Military Neuroenhancement and Risk Assessment,” Neuroscience and Neurotechnology in National Security and Defense: Practical Considerations, Ethical Concerns, co-authored with Keith Abney and Maxwell Mehlman (Taylor & Francis Group, 2014).
- “Is Warfare the Right Frame for the Cyber Debate,” The Ethics of Information Warfare, co-authored with Fritz Allhoff and Keith Abney (Springer, 2014).
- “Ethics, War, and Robots,” Ethics and Emerging Technologies, co-authored with Keith Abney and George Bekey (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2013).
- “Enhanced Warfighters: A Policy Framework,” Military Medical Ethics for the 21st Century, co-authored with Maxwell Mehlman and Keith Abney (Ashgate, 2013).
- “War 2.0: Cyberweapons and Ethics,” Communications of the ACM, March 2012, vol. 55, no. 3: 24-26, co-authored with Fritz Allhoff and Neil Rowe.
- Enhanced Warfighters: Risk, Ethics, and Policy, co-authored with Maxwell Mehlman and Keith Abney, funded by The Greenwall Foundation (January 2013).
- Robot Ethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Robotics, co-authored with George Bekey and Keith Abney (MIT Press, January 2012).
- “Robot Ethics: Mapping the Issues for a Mechanized World," Artificial Intelligence, April 2011, vol. 175, no. 5-6: 942-949.
- “Ethical Blowback from Emerging Technologies,” Journal of Military Ethics, December 2010, vol. 9, no. 4: 313-331.
- What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter?: From Science to Ethics, co-authored with Fritz Allhoff and Daniel Moore (Wiley-Blackwell, March 2010).
- Ethics of Human Enhancement: 25 Questions & Answers, co-authored with Fritz Allhoff, James Moor, and John Weckert, funded by US National Science Foundation (August 2009).
- Autonomous Military Robotics: Risk, Ethics, and Design, co-authored with Keith Abney and George Bekey, funded by US Department of Defense/Office of Naval Research (December 2008).
- “Untangling the Debate: The Ethics of Human Enhancement,” NanoEthics: Ethics for Technologies that Converge at the Nanoscale, December 2008, no. 3: 251-264.
- Nanotechnology & Society: Current and Emerging Ethical Issues, edited by Patrick Lin and Fritz Allhoff (Springer, April 2008).
- Nanoethics: The Ethical and Social Implications of Nanotechnology, edited by Patrick Lin, Fritz Allhoff, James Moor and John Weckert (Wiley, August 2007).
- “Nanotechnology Bound: Evaluating the Case for More Regulation,” NanoEthics: Ethics for Technologies that Converge at the Nanoscale, August 2007, no. 2: 105-122.
- “Space Ethics: Look Before Taking Another Leap for Mankind,” Astropolitics, Winter 2006, vol. 4, no. 3: 281-294.
- “What's So Special About Nanotechnology and Nanoethics?” International Journal of Applied Philosophy, Fall 2006, vol. 20, no. 2: 179-190, co-authored with Fritz Allhoff.
- “Nanotech in Global Security & Economics: Shifting Political and Economic Winds, or a Firestorm of Change?” (2006), Genetic Engineering News, vol. 26, issue 9: 6, co-authored with Brian Wang.
Presentations and Meetings Organized (selected)
- "Beneficial AI 2017", Future of Life Institute, Asilomar, California, 3-8 January 2017 (participant only).
- "Conference: Developing a Normative Framework for Cyberwarfare", US Naval Academy, Annapolis, MD, 17-18 October 2016.
- "Ethics of Connected and Autonomous Systems", European Intelligence and Security Informatics Conference, Uppsala, Sweden, 19 August 2016.
- "Ethical and Social Implications of Automated Vehicles", Automated Vehicles Symposium, San Francisco, 1 July 2016.
- "Robot Cars, Risk and Ethics: Lessons for Artificial Intelligence", RSA Security Conference, San Francisco, 1 March 2016.
- "Ethics of Autonomous Systems: Avoiding Landmines on a Future Product Roadmap", Apple HQ, Cupertino, 7 December 2015.
- "Convergent Technologies, Divergent Responses? Autonomous Weapons, Cyber, and AI", workshop organized at the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), Geneva, Switzerland, 9-10 November 2015.
- "Autonomous Vehicles and Ethics", workshop organized at Stanford University, Center for Automotive Research at Stanford (CARS), 14-15 September 2015.
- “The Right to Life and the Martens Clause”, United Nations, Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) expert meeting on lethal autonomous weapons systems, Geneva, Switzerland, 16 April 2015.
- “Ethics of Autonomous Military Systems”, Stanford University, Computer Science Department, 14 November 2014.
- “Technology and Journalism: Ethical Challenges in the 21st Century,” California Polytechnic State University, Journalism Ethics Symposium, San Luis Obispo, 10 October 2014.
- “Disruptive Technologies and Ethics: Why Google Should Care About Broader Social Implications,” Google, Mountain View, CA, 13 May 2014.
- “Ethics and Autonomous Cars,” Nissan Research Center, 27 February 2014; Bosch Research and Technology Center, 28 April 2014; Tesla Motors, 29 April 2014.
- “Autonomous Cars: Why Ethics Matters, and How to Think About It,” Daimler and Benz Foundation’s ‘Villa Ladenburg’ Project, Monterey, California, 21 February 2014.
- “The Future of the Automobile: A Crash Course in Ethics,” Stanford University, Mechanical Engineering Department, 3 February 2014.
- “Why the Drone Wars Matter for Automated Cars: Ethics Lessons from Recent History,” Stanford Law School and School of Engineering, 12 December 2013.
- “Military AI and Ethics,” Stanford University, Computer Science Department, 14 November 2013.
- “Ethics of Autonomous Cars: A Roadmap of Philosophical, Legal, and Social Issues,” Stanford University, School of Engineering, Center for Automotive Research at Stanford (CARS), 6 November 2013 .
- “Military Enhancements: Do They Violate International Humanitarian Law?” Stanford Law School, Center for Law and the Biosciences, 22 January 2013.
- “Cyber-Conflict: Issues in Ethics and Policy,” Chautauqua Council, New York, 30 July 2012.
- “War Robots: Issues in Ethics and Policy," UCLA Hammer Forum, 24 July 2012.
- “Military Enhancements,” Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics workshop on emerging technologies and ethics of war, Canberra (Australia), 14 June 2012.
- “Robot Ethics: Mapping the Field,” Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Canberra (Australia), 13 June 2012.
- “Robots, Ethics, and National Intelligence,” In-Q-Tel (CIA) Technology Focus Day, Arlington, VA, 9 November 2011.
- “Emerging Military Technologies and Society: A Survey of Challenges,” National Academies/DARPA workshop on military technologies, UC Irvine, 31 August 2011.
- “Military Human Enhancements: On the Frontlines of Science and Society,” Brocher-Hastings Summer Academy, Brocher Foundation (Switzerland), 7 July 2011.
- “Informational Warfare: Exposing the Fuzzy Logic in International Law,” UNESCO-sponsored workshop on informational warfare, University of Hertfordshire (UK), 1 July 2011.
- “Soldier 2.0: How Engineering a Better Warfighter Disrupts Society,” Society for Philosophy and Technology, University of North Texas, 28 May 2011.
- “Philosophical Collaboration: A Case Study in Technology Ethics (or: How to Herd Cats),” American Philosophical Association, Pacific Division meeting, 22 April 2011.
- “Military Blowback: Ethics, Emerging Technologies, and Society,” US Air Force Academy, McDermott Lecture, 14 March 2011.
- “Military 2.0: Ethical Issues in Robotics and Human Enhancement,” Harvard University, Humanity+ Summit 2010, 13 June 2010.
- “Enhanced Warfighters: Ethical and Social Implications,” US Naval Academy, Vice Admiral Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership's 2010 McCain conference, 22 April 2010.
- “Against Gene Patenting: Debunking the Argument Based on Incentives,” Leadership San Luis Obispo seminar series, 14 August 2009.
- “War Robots: What are the Risks and Ethical Issues?” Association for Practical and Professional Ethics (APPE) 2009 conference, 7 March 2009.
- “Nanotechnology and the Environment,” Univ. of Delaware/Delaware Biotechnology Institute, Environmental Nanoparticles: Science, Ethics, and Policy conference, 11 Nov 2008.
- “Superman vs. Frankenstein's Monster: The Debate on Human Enhancement Technologies,” International Congress of Nanotechnology, San Francisco, 6 Nov 2007.
- “The Rise of Nanoethics: Emerging Issues in Nanotechnology and Society,” Yale University, Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics, 10 Oct 2007.
- “Introduction to Nanoethics,” University of California at Davis, Responsible Conduct of Research program, 4 May 2007.
- “Nanotechnology and Energy: How It Can Help and the Challenges It Faces,” The San Francisco Exploratorium's nanotechnology podcast series “Small Talk”, 16 April 2007.
- “Understanding the Debate: A Critical Look at Reasons For and Against More Regulation in Nanotechnology,” California Environmental Protection Agency's (Cal/EPA) nanotechnology symposium, 8 March 2007.
- “Finding Reasons: A Critical Look at Recent Pro-Enhancement Arguments,” Human Enhancement Technologies and Human Rights, Stanford University, 27 May 2006.
- “Space Ethics: Look Before Taking Another Leap for Mankind,” International Space Development Conference, Los Angeles, 5 May 2006.
Media Articles (selected)
- "Here's How Tesla Solves A Self-Driving Crash Dilemma", Forbes, 5 April 2017.
- "Robot Cars And Fake Ethical Dilemmas", Forbes, 3 April 2017.
- "Is It Wrong for Victims of Cyber-Crime to Hack Back?", World Economic Forum, 26 September 2016
- "Hacking Back Is Ethical in the Cyber Frontier", Council on Foreign Relations, 26 September 2016
- "Should the Police Have Robot Suicide-Bombers?", IEEE Spectrum, 11 July 2016.
- "Tesla Autopilot Crash: Why We Should Worry About a Single Death", IEEE Spectrum, 11 July 2016.
- "Is Tesla Responsible for the Deadly Crash on Auto-Pilot? Maybe.", Forbes, 1 July 2016.
- "No, Self-Driving Cars Won't Kill the Insurance Industry", Forbes, 25 April 2016.
- "The Ethical Dilemma of Self-Driving Cars", TED-Ed (animated shorts), 8 December 2015.
- "We’re Building Superhuman Robots. Will They Be Heroes, or Villains?", Washington Post, 2 November 2015.
- “Why Can't Google Cars Avoid Rear-End Accidents?”, Forbes, 19 July 2015.
- “Should Washington Allow Companies to Strike Back Against Hackers?”, The Wall Street Journal, 10 May 2015.
- “Do Killer Robots Violate Human Rights?”, The Atlantic, 20 April 2015.
- “Introduction to Astronaut Bioethics,” Slate, October 6, 2014.
- “Cyberwarfare Ethics, or How Facebook Could Accidentally Make Its Engineers Into Targets,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, August 26, 2014.
- “Don't Fear the Robot Car Bomb,” Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, August 18, 2014.
- “Here’s a Terrible Idea: Robot Cars With Adjustable Ethics Settings,” Wired, August 18, 2014.
- “What Google Cars Can Learn From Killer Robots,” Forbes, July 28, 2014.
- “The Robot Car of Tomorrow May Just Be Programmed to Hit You?” Wired, May 6, 2014.
- “Inside Google's Mysterious Ethics Board,” Forbes, February 3, 2014.
- “What If Your Autonomous Car Keeps Routing You Past Krispy Kreme?” The Atlantic, January 22, 2014.
- “Just the Right Amount of Cyber Fear,” The Atlantic, January 6, 2014.
- “The Ethics of Autonomous Cars,” The Atlantic, October 8, 2013.
- “The Ethics of Saving Lives With Autonomous Cars Are Far Murkier Than You Think,” Wired, July 30, 2013.
- “Pain Rays and Robot Swarms: The Radical New War Games the DOD Plays,” The Atlantic, April 15, 2013.
- “Could Human Enhancement Turn Soldiers Into Weapons That Violate International Law? Yes,” The Atlantic, January 4, 2013.
- “Is It Possible to Wage a Just Cyberwarfare?” The Atlantic, June 5, 2012.
- “Stand-Your-Cyberground Law: A Novel Approach for Digital Security,” The Atlantic, April 30, 2012.
- “More Than Human? The Ethics of Biologically Enhancing Soldiers,” The Atlantic, February 16, 2012.
- “The Big Robot Questions,” Slate, February 16, 2012.
- “Drone-Ethics Briefing: What a Leading Robot Expert Told the CIA,” The Atlantic, December 15, 2011.
- “Therapy and Enhancement: Is There a Moral Difference?” Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News, September 2010.
- “The Ethical War Machine," Forbes, June 22, 2009.
Grant Funding (selected)
- National Science Foundation (2015-2016): autonomous vehicles
- National Science Foundation (2013-2016): cyberwarfare
- The Greenwall Foundation (2011-2013): military human enhancement
- Office of Naval Research (2008-2009): autonomous military robotics
- Office of Naval Research (2007-2008): autonomous military robotics
- National Science Foundation (2006-2009): nanotechnology and human enhancement
- Advisor on technology ethics to major governmental, policy, and industry organizations
- Associate editor or board member of several respected journals in technology ethics and law
- Referee for several major publishers and funding agencies
- Chair or member of several Cal Poly university, college, and department committees, incl. Science Technology & Society program
- Chair or member of several planning committees for ethics conferences and workshops
- Cal Poly/Academic Senate, Distinguished Scholarship Award (2017)
- American Philosophical Association’s Public Philosophy Op-Ed Award (2015)
- Cal Poly/College of Liberal Arts, Outstanding Scholarship Award (2009)
Courses Taught (selected)
- PHIL 334: Philosophy of Law
- PHIL 322: Philosophy of Technology
- PHIL 231: Philosophical Classics - Ethics & Political Philosophy
- PHIL 101: Introduction to Philosophy
- Other courses under development, esp. in technology ethics