Religious Studies Program

The Cal Poly Philosophy Department houses a Religious Studies program with a wide variety of courses in GE and a Religious Studies minor.

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Between the Species

Between the Species online journal logoAn online philosophy journal about the relationship between humans and animals.
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Ethics Group

Cal Poly's Ethics + Emerging Sciences Group focuses on the implications and impact of emerging sciences and technologies.
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Todd R. Long


Contact Information 


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester

Professional Interests

  • Epistemology
  • Metaphysics (especially free will and responsibility)
  • Philosophy of Religion

Selected Publications

  • Links available on my Web Page:
  • “Knowledge and Faith”, The Encyclopedia of Philosophy of Religion, eds. Stewart Goetz & Charles Taliaferro (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2021).
  • “Epistemic Justification”, in Introduction to Philosophy: Epistemology, ed. Brian Barnett (Rebus, 2021).
  • “From Experience to Evidence: Sensory and Testimonial”, in Believing in Accordance with the Evidence: New Essays in Evidentialism, ed. Kevin McCain (Springer, 2018) 7-21.
  • “Minimal Skeptical Theism”, in Skeptical Theism: New Essays, eds. Trent Dougherty & Justin McBrayer (Oxford University Press, 2016) 63-75.
  • “Information Manipulation and Moral Responsibility”, in Manipulation: Theory and Practice, eds. Michael Weber and Christian Coons (Oxford University Press, 2014) 151-174.
  • “Mentalist Evidentialism Vindicated (and a Super-Blooper Epistemic Design Problem for Proper Function Justification)” Philosophical Studies (forthcoming).
  • “Proper Function Justification and Epistemic Rationality,” Southwest Philosophy Review 26:1 (2010), pp. 189-195.
  • “A Proper De Jure Objection to the Epistemic Rationality of Religious Belief ,” Religious Studies 46:3 (2010) 375-394.
  • “Is it True that 'Evolution is a Theory, Not a Fact'?” International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21:1 (2007) 89-108.
  • “Moderate Reasons-Responsiveness, Moral Responsibility, and Manipulation,” ed. Campbell, O'Rourke, and Shier, Freedom and Determinism (MIT Press) 2004, pp. 151-172.

Selected Presentations

  • “Mimetic Desire Theory and the Spiritual Disciplines”, Society of Christian Philosophers (Midwest Region), Spring Hill College, Mobile, AL, March 21, 2015.
  • “Art Criticism’s Theological Poverty: The Tree of Life as a Case in Point”, Faith, Film, & Philosophy Seminar, Gonzaga University, October 5, 2012.
  • “Epistemic Conditions for Moral Responsibility and Information Manipulation”, Bowling Green Workshop in Applied Ethics and Public Policy: Manipulation, Bowling Green State University, March 17, 2012.
  • “Information Manipulation and Moral Responsibility”, Colloquium Series, Department of Philosophy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, September 9, 2011.
  • “An Evidentialist Response to a Plantingan Objection to Evidentialism”, Young Philosophers Lecture Series and Podcast, SUNY Fredonia, March 26, 2010.
  • “A Bone for Traditional Foundationalism,” American Philosophical Association, Central Division Program, Chicago, IL, February 20, 2009
  • “On Plantinga's De Jure Objection to Religious Belief: An Evidentialist Reply,” Baylor Philosophy of Religion Conference, Baylor University, February 24, 2007.
  • “Is it True that 'Evolution is a Theory, Not a Fact'?” Society of Christian Philosophers—Pacific Region, University of San Diego, February 18, 2006.
  • “Justification-Skepticism, Strong Truth-Conduciveness, and Epistemic Assurance,” Inland Northwest Conference on Knowledge & Skepticism, Washington State University, May 2004.
  • “Moderate Reasons-Responsiveness, Moral Responsibility, and Manipulation,” Inland Northwest Philosophy Conference on Freedom & Determinism, University of Idaho, April 2001.

Courses Taught

  • PHIL 449: Moral Responsibility and Manipulation
  • PHIL 449: Epistemology of Religious Belief
  • PHIL 412: Epistemology
  • PHIL 411: Metaphysics
  • PHIL 350: Aesthetics
  • PHIL 230: Philosophical Classics - Knowledge & Reality
  • PHIL 101: Introduction to Philosophy

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