Between the Species

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Ethics Group

Cal Poly's Ethics + Emerging Sciences Group focuses on the implications and impact of emerging sciences and technologies.
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Todd R. Long


Contact Information 


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester

Professional Interests

  • Epistemology
  • Metaphysics (especially free will and responsibility)
  • Philosophy of Religion

Selected Publications

  • “Mentalist Evidentialism Vindicated (and a Super-Blooper Epistemic Design Problem for Proper Function Justification)” Philosophical Studies (forthcoming).
  • “Proper Function Justification and Epistemic Rationality,” Southwest Philosophy Review 26:1 (2010), pp. 189-195.
  • “A Proper De Jure Objection to the Epistemic Rationality of Religious Belief ,” Religious Studies 46:3 (2010) 375-394.
  • “Is it True that 'Evolution is a Theory, Not a Fact'?” International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21:1 (2007) 89-108.
  • “Moderate Reasons-Responsiveness, Moral Responsibility, and Manipulation,” ed. Campbell, O'Rourke, and Shier, Freedom and Determinism (MIT Press) 2004, pp. 151-172.
  • “Belief or 'Belief': Rush Rhees on Religious Belief Language,” Philosophical Writings, 12 (Autumn 1999) 21-45.
  • “A Selective Defense of Tolstoy's What is Art?” Philosophical Writings, 8 (Summer 1998) 15-25.

Selected Presentations

  • “A Bone for Traditional Foundationalism,” American Philosophical Association, Central Division Program, Chicago, IL, February 20, 2009
  • “Guidance Control and Manipulation: A Reply to Fischer,” Northwest Philosophy Conference, Lewis & Clark College, October 5, 2007.
  • “On Plantinga's De Jure Objection to Religious Belief: An Evidentialist Reply,” Baylor Philosophy of Religion Conference, Baylor University, February 24, 2007.
  • “Is it True that 'Evolution is a Theory, Not a Fact'?” Society of Christian Philosophers—Pacific Region, University of San Diego, February 18, 2006.
  • “Justification-Skepticism, Strong Truth-Conduciveness, and Epistemic Assurance,” Inland Northwest Conference on Knowledge & Skepticism, Washington State University, May 2004.
  • “Moderate Reasons-Responsiveness, Moral Responsibility, and Manipulation,” Inland Northwest Philosophy Conference on Freedom & Determinism, University of Idaho, April 2001.


I have served as a referee on topics in epistemology or the metaphysics of free will and moral responsibility for the following:

  • Routledge
  • Philosophical Studies
  • Nous
  • Mind
  • Erkenntnis
  • Dialectica
  • Australasian Journal of Philosophy
  • Synthese
  • Topics in Contemporary Philosophy (MIT Press), 2006
  • Journal of Philosophical Research

Courses Taught

  • PHIL 412: Epistemology
  • PHIL 411: Metaphysics
  • PHIL 449: Epistemology of Religious Belief
  • PHIL 350: Aesthetics
  • PHIL 230: Philosophical Classics - Knowledge & Reality
  • PHIL 101: Introduction to Philosophy

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